What Is Gum Recession and What Causes It?

Gum recession quite simply refers to the loss of gum tissue along the gum line and as it occurs it reveals more and more of the lower structure of the tooth. If this problem isn’t treated by your dentist in Glasgow it can cause a number of other dental health risks.

Why it’s such a serious problem

gum recessionWhen more of a tooth’s root structure is revealed it makes it easier for oral bacteria to position itself in the area where the gum tissue meets the tooth. This can lead to serious tooth decay which is often hard to treat. A person will also notice increased sensitivity when their teeth come into contact with hot or cold substances. If gum recession isn’t stopped in its tracks then teeth can become loose and may eventually fall out because there is no gum tissue in place to help support them.

Causes of gum recession

Gum recession can be caused by a number of factors, including:

  • Smoking and use of tobacco – tobacco and smoke can aggravate the gum tissues and cause them to recede
  • Gum disease – This is an infection of the gum tissue which is caused by the bacteria that is naturally present in the mouth. In its latter stages it can cause gum recession.
  • Lip and tongue piercings – Tongue studs and lip rings can come into contact with the gum tissue and over time this can cause recession from the constant contact and abrasion.
  • Over zealous brushing of the teeth – If you brush your teeth too aggressively it can damage the gums and cause them to recede.
  • Aggressive flossing – Flossing which is carried out to vigorously can also cause loss of gum tissue and change the appearance of the gum line.
  • Bruxism – Tooth grinding (bruxism) can cause your teeth and jaw joint to feel sore and if not treated can eventually lead to gum recession.


There are several treatments to consider if a patient has gum recession. A Glasgow dentist first needs to target the root cause of the gum recession. In the case of bruxism wearing a mouth guard and receiving Glasgow orthodontics treatment would be recommended. If gum disease is the main issue then a patient will be given a course of antibiotics and recommended to use antiseptic mouthwashes too.

In severe cases the dentist may want to consider rebuilding the gum line using a gum grafting procedure. This will involve the use of donor tissue taken from the patient’s palette or artificial soft tissue. This is then stitched into place along the gum line so that it builds up the volume of gum tissue.

If you’re suffering from receding gums then don’t delay. Get in touch with Botanics Dental Care. Our skilled and friendly restorative and cosmetic team are able to help you achieve the healthiest and best looking smile possible. Call us today to make an appointment with Dr. Colin Gardner on 0141 334 3408 or book online at www.botanicsdentalcare.co.uk.

All You Need To Know About Six Month Smiles

If you need some form of correction to your teeth but don’t want to commit to wearing braces for upwards of two years, then your dentist in Glasgow may suggest Six Month Smiles as a treatment which could be just right for you. As its name suggests, it’s a type of brace which can straighten crooked or misaligned teeth within a six month period.

What does it look like?

six month smilesSix Month Smiles consists of small brackets and wires which blend in naturally with your teeth because they are tooth coloured. They’re not transparent like Invisalign, which is one of several types of clear braces in Glasgow, but they’re discreet and barely noticeable. It’s worth noting at this point that they are considerably smaller and lighter than conventional metal braces and work well on crooked and gapped teeth.

How does it work?

The brace contains nickel wires which apply constant pressure and a small amount of force when they’re worn. This causes the teeth to move into their correct position. Once you’ve completed your treatment you will need to wear a retainer to prevent your teeth from shifting back to their original position. This can either be a permanent or removable retainer and your dentist in Glasgow will discuss this with you.

Who can benefit from Six Month Smiles

Anyone who is suffering from:

  • Misaligned teeth
  • Gapped teeth
  • Overcrowded teeth

is a potential candidate for Six Month Smiles.

The main advantage of the Six Month Smiles treatment is that it is speedy, relatively painless, and cheaper than many other types of braces. However, they are more focused on the aesthetic side of things rather than on improving the overall bite and only actually treat the visible teeth that are seen when a person smiles.

Not everyone is suited to Six Months Smile which is why we offer a free consultation whereby Dr. Colin Gardner can carry out a dental examination to ascertain whether or not it will treat your condition and deliver the results that you’re hoping for. Once candidacy has been determined then he will put together a tailored treatment plan and take impressions of your mouth and teeth so that the Six Month Smiles laboratory can fabricate your custom braces. This normally takes around two weeks and then they can be fitted and your treatment commenced.

To find out more about Six Month Smiles or to discuss all of your dental options why not schedule a consultation with Dr. Colin Gardner today. You can call Botanics Dental direct on 0141 334 3408 or book online at www.botanicsdentalcare.co.uk. We look forward to welcoming you to our clinic.

Dental Implants in Glasgow – Post Operative Recovery Tips

Most people who are considering dental implants in Glasgow already have a pretty good idea of what’s involved both before and during surgery, but what about after? What should you expect and what can you do to aid recovery? We’ve put together some useful tips and guide-lines for post-operative healing following dental implant surgery.

Side effects

dental implants in GlasgowOnce your dental implants have been placed then you should expect the normal side effects of any oral surgery over the following few days, namely bleeding, bruising, and swelling. Although all of these conditions will gradually subside on their own there are a few things you can do to minimise their effects.

For the bleeding you should place a gauze pad over the affected area and apply light pressure. Do this several times a day and you should see the bleeding stop within 24 hours. If the bleeding is continuous then swap the gauze for a moistened tea bag. The tannic acid in the tea bag will help to clot the blood faster.

It’s also helpful for the first couple of days to apply a cold compress or ice pack to the jaw and cheek. Keep it there for 15 minutes at a time and the swelling will gradually subside. Once it has receded you might want to try a warm compress to promote further circulation.


Dental implants need plenty of time to heal with the surrounding bone and gum tissue and any movement of the implants early on can disrupt this process. For this reason you should stick to soft foods such as rice, soup, noodles, eggs, fish, and soft cooked vegetables. Avoid anything crunchy, hard, or chewy for as long as possible.

After the first week you can gradually add a few more foods into your diet but carry on being careful when you eat. Don’t chew directly on the implants and if you can, use the opposite side of your mouth. The implants will heal quicker if you keep them free from stress.

Oral hygiene

When implant failure occurs it’s usually because infection or disease around the implants has prevented them from healing properly. Therefore it’s vital that you keep your teeth and gums healthy which includes brushing and flossing gently around the implants, both regularly and thoroughly.

Your dentist in Glasgow is likely to give you some additional tips such as:

  • Refrain from smoking or chewing tobacco
  • Refrain from drinking alcohol
  • Use a mouthwash in addition to brushing and flossing
  • Get plenty of rest for the first few days after surgery
  • Stay in touch with your dentist and contact him immediately if bleeding doesn’t stop or there are any signs of infection so that it can be treated in the early stages

If you’re considering dental implants in Glasgow then why not come and speak to Dr. Colin Gardner at Botanics Dental Care. He and the team are highly skilled and knowledgeable and offer a free consultation where you can get all your questions and concerns answered. Call today on 0141 334 3408 or book online at www.botanicsdentalcare.co.uk.

Bruxism – What Is It And How Can It Be Treated?

Bruxism or teeth grinding is a fairly common occurrence and often the person grinding their teeth isn’t aware of it until their partner, who is kept awake by it, informs them. It refers to a person putting their teeth together and literally clenching and moving them in a grinding movement. This is also combined with an excessive movement of the lower jaw and together these practices damage the teeth and can put strain on the jaw joint. In fact bruxism is one of the main causes of TMJ disorders. If bruxism isn’t treated by your dentist in Glasgow then it can lead to a variety of other problems including receding gums, headaches, and earaches.

Why do people grind their teeth?

clear braces in GlasgowExcessive stress is thought to be one of the most common reasons for teeth grinding and indeed stress can cause all sorts of problems for people when they’re asleep. Other causes are dental misalignment and crooked teeth, or a combination of all three things. When teeth are crooked it’s very hard for a person to find a comfortable position to sleep.

What’s the solution?

One of the most common treatments that your Glasgow dentist may suggest is to wear a mouth guard which is often referred to as a bite guard or a night guard. A bit like sportsmen wear, it’s worn over the upper and lower dental arch so that teeth are prevented from coming into contact. Not only does this reduce the level of damage done to the teeth but it also limits the amount of stress that is placed on the jaw joint.

Glasgow orthodontics for a long term solution

Since dental misalignment is one of the causes of bruxism then it’s hardly surprising that part of a patient’s treatment is likely to include orthodontics. Clear braces in Glasgow, which are the preferred choice of most adults, can be used to ease the teeth into a better position. This means a patient will be able to find a comfortable position in which to sleep at night and this reduces the likelihood of grinding their teeth as well as leading to better long-term dental health.

Stress management and relaxation techniques

Many patients find they can reduce their teeth grinding by learning to manage their stress. This often includes taking more exercise, focusing on things which aren’t stressful, and breathing techniques. Alternative medicines such as acupuncture and aromatherapy are also helpful in relaxing a person, removing stress, decreasing teeth grinding tendencies, and generally promoting a feeling of wellness.

Teeth grinding varies in its severity from one person to another which is why treatments need to be customised to each individual. It’s not unusual for a combination of therapies to be used to get to the root of what’s causing the bruxism.

If you’d like more information about treating bruxism and improving your overall dental health too, then why not get in touch with Botanics Dental Care today. You can make an appointment with Dr. Colin Gardner by calling us direct on 0141 334 3408 or book online at www.botanicsdentalcare.co.uk.

Exploring The Risks And Advantages Of Dental Implant Surgery

Anyone seeking dental implants in Glasgow should never make their decision to go ahead without being fully informed about the procedure. Dental implants have grown hugely in their popularity and are widely considered the best form of tooth replacement that modern dentistry has to offer. However, as with all surgery there are risks and benefits associated with dental implants that should be weighed up by each patient considering both their lifestyle and goals.

Let’s start with the risks first:

  • dental implants in GlasgowInfection – The titanium posts which make up part of the implant can cause infection if the surgery isn’t carried out in a sterile environment with disinfected tools, or if the implant site isn’t cared for properly after surgery. Patients and their Glasgow dentist should monitor the implant carefully for any signs of infection which can compromise the surrounding tissue and jawbone if not dealt with right away.
  • Nerve damage – If a nerve is damaged during surgery it can cause temporary or permanent tingling, numbness and pain. Affected nerves can cause pain in any area of the face, mouth or jaw.
  • Sinus issues – Although it’s a rare occurrence a dental implant can poke through the gum tissue or jaw and enter the sinus cavity which can affect the functionality of the sinuses and cause infection. If this happens then the implant will have to be removed and placed again.
  • Implant failure – A dental implant may fail to fuse successfully with the surrounding bone and soft tissues. Usually if this happens or if the implant is rejected, it will occur during the first year. However, more than 90% of implants attach to the surrounding bone successfully the first time round.
  • Post surgery pain – As with most surgeries patients can expect a degree of pain, swelling, bruising, and soreness. Your dentist in Glasgow will often prescribe antibiotics to lessen the risk of infection and pain can usually be kept under control with over the counter medications.

Benefits of dental implants

  • Strength – Implants provide a strong platform which can support one or multiple teeth by means of crowns, bridges, and dentures.
  • Reshape facial structures – As implants consist of both an artificial root and tooth not only do they support a prostheses but they also help to fill out cheeks and jaws which have that ageing hollow look about them.
  • Security – Finally implants provide security and functionality. Since crowns, dentures and other false teeth fix firmly onto the implants they feel more more secure than dentures held in place with adhesive, and bridges or crowns which are fitted to other teeth.

For most patients the benefits of dental implants in Glasgow far outweigh the risks and many say that they’re totally changed their lives for the better. If you’re considering dental implants as a form of teeth replacement then why not come and speak with the professionals here at Botanics Dental Care. You can schedule a free consultation with Dr. Colin Gardner and the team by calling 0141 334 3408 or book online at www.botanicsdentalcare.co.uk.

Should You Opt For A Crown Or Implant Supported Bridge?

A dental bridge has long been a popular method of replacing missing teeth. By literally ‘bridging the gap’ with false teeth attached to the framework of a bridge, functionality and aesthetics are restored. Before receiving a bridge, however, you will have to decide how you want to have it supported. As a dentist in Glasgow we want all our patients to be fully informed and to understand the benefits and limitations of each restorative technique. The information below is intended to give information on both techniques and suggest who might be a suitable candidate for each one.

Crown-supported bridges

dental implants in GlasgowTraditional bridges are supported with the use of dental crowns. The bridge is made up of one or more replacement teeth and anchored in place with a crown at each end. The crowns are cemented over the teeth at either end of the gap, where the missing teeth once were, in order to hold the bridge in place.

In order for the crowns to be fitted the two ‘anchor’ teeth need to be filed down and shaped so that the crowns will fit. This means that these two teeth will always need a crown in the future, so it really is a permanent solution. What’s more the teeth must be healthy in order to support the crown.

Implant supported bridges

Implant supported bridges are very similar to traditional bridges with the difference being that they are anchored to dental crowns which have been placed onto dental implants. The crowns are fitted to the implants which allows patients who don’t have adjacent healthy teeth to the gap where the teeth need replacing, to receive a bridge.

A patient having an implant supported bridge needs to have dental implants placed on either side of the bridge. As it can take on average six monthsfor dental implants in Glasgow to fuse with the surrounding bone and tissue, the ideal candidate for an implant supported bridge is a patient who loses further teeth once implants have been placed.

Which technique is the right one for you?

The choice of dental bridge depends mostly on the condition of the patient’s teeth. If this is the first occurrence of tooth loss and you’ve only lost one or two teeth, then it makes sense to use other teeth to support a bridge. You may also want to consider a traditional bridge if you don’t want to undergo surgery, there is evidence of gum disease, or if there is insufficient bone in which to place an implant.

Conversely, dental implants are a great choice for patients who don’t want to modify what are otherwise healthy teeth. The implant can be placed at either end of the gap where the teeth are missing and the bridge placed over the top to fill the space. Because implants are a stand alone treatment there’s no need to grind down adjacent teeth to fit a crown. Another benefit is that dental implants put a halt to further bone loss helping a patient retain their facial structures. If more teeth are lost in the future to warrant the need for dentures, then implants can be used to stabilise an entire row of replacement teeth.

To learn more about how you could restore your smile with one or other of these treatments why not schedule a consultation with Dr. Colin Gardner at Botanics Dental Care. You can call direct on 0141 334 3408 or book online at www.botanicsdentalcare.co.uk.

How to Transform Your Smile With Instant Glasgow Orthodontics

If you’re unhappy with your smile because of crooked or misshaped teeth then instant orthodontics using porcelain veneers can transform it without needing to wear a brace. Patients opting for instant Glasgow orthodontics receive many benefits over traditional orthodontics.

What exactly are instant orthodontics?

Glasgow orthodonticsInstant orthodontics can correct teeth that are mildly misaligned and close gaps between teeth by using porcelain veneers. These are wafer thin shells of porcelain which are bonded to the front surface of the teeth to conceal any flaws and create a beautiful looking smile. Custom-crafted porcelain veneers are shaped and coloured to match your surrounding teeth to create the desired appearance.

Procedure for instant orthodontics

Treatment begins with a consultation with your dentist in Glasgow and a thorough dental examination. During this time your gums and teeth will be checked to ensure that they are in good health and suitable for treating with veneers. Once it’s determined that you are a suitable candidate then you’ll discuss how you’d like your teeth to look and treatment can begin. The process requires at least two dental visits. The first to clean and prepare the teeth and the second to fit the porcelain veneers. Preparation involves removing a small amount of tooth enamel to make room for the veneers. An impression is then taken so that each veneer can be made to exacting dental specifications by the dental laboratory and temporary veneers placed. At your second visit the temporary veneers will be removed and your permanent veneers bonded to the teeth to complete your instant Glasgow orthodontics treatment.

Benefits of instant orthodontics

  • Fast treatment which can often be completed in just two dental visits as opposed to traditional orthodontics which requires regular dental visits and can take anywhere from a few months to a couple of years.
  • As the name suggests you’re rewarded with a new smile instantly – well within just 2 dental visits, anyway.
  • Porcelain veneers are easy to care for and simply require brushing and flossing as you do your natural teeth.
  • Treatment for instant orthodontics is totally painless which has its advantages over traditional braces. Metal braces can irritate the inner skin of your mouth and lips and result in pain whenever they are tightened. Veneers feel like natural teeth allowing you to enjoy a great looking smile without any pain.

Porcelain veneers aren’t suitable for everyone so if you’re considering them as an option then why not schedule a consultation with Dr. Colin Gardner who can talk you through all your options. Call Botanics Dental Care today on 0141 334 3408 or book online at www.botanicsdentalcare.co.uk. We look forward to meeting you.

Reasons Why You May Be Suffering From Gum Disease

As a Glasgow dentist we see an alarming number of adults suffering from gum disease and although there are several reasons for gum disease, the most common cause is poor oral hygiene. Gum disease is an unpleasant condition which affects your entire dental health and can prevent you from having certain treatments such as dental implants in Glasgow. It can also lead to problems such as tooth decay and in more serious cases, tooth loss.

gum diseaseWe thought it would be a good idea to make you aware of some of the main causes of gum disease so you can steer yourself away from them.

Let’s start by taking a closer look at gum disease itself. If your teeth regularly bleed when you brush your teeth or bite into crunchy fruit or vegetables then it’s almost certain that you have the early stages of gum disease, also known as gingivitis. Other signs include gums which are red and swollen and that feel generally sore. Gingivitis can be easily treated but if it isn’t nipped in the bud at this early stage it can develop into periodontitis which is way more serious and involves infections not just of the gums but also the alveolar bone and the periodontal ligament. The cause is said to be bacteria in plaque and in an advanced condition, periodontal disease can weaken bone and cause teeth to fall out.

5 things which can cause gum disease

  1. Smoking – Smoking is one of the most common causes of gum disease. Not only does it stain your teeth but it can also impact on the health of your gums. Smokers are at greater risk of periodontal disease than non smokers so it really is beneficial for your oral and overall health to quit smoking.
  1. Age – It’s really important that people visit their dentist in Glasgow on a more regular basis as they get older, especially 60 and above. Tooth problems become more common and this can result in gum disease.
  1. Stress – Stress has been linked with all types of health problems including high blood pressure and heart problems. It can also have an effect on the immune system, making it harder for the body to fight off infection and this too can cause gum disease. Therefore if you have gingivitis and are living a stressed lifestyle, there’s more chance of it escalating into the more serious condition of periodontitis.
  1. Gum disease can also be genetic and if there’s a history of gum disease in the family then it could have been passed down to you. For this reason make sure you visit your Glasgow dentist on a regular basis.
  1. Diet – Malnutrition is also a cause of gum disease. If your body isn’t getting sufficient nutrients then it can become more vulnerable to gum disease. Try including foods containing plenty of vitamins A, C and D into your diet as these are good for gums and teeth. Also fresh fruit and vegetables should be an integral part of your diet along with milk which contains calcium and is also good for teeth and bones.

The best way to avoid gum disease is to brush and floss your teeth thoroughly on a twice daily basis and rinse with a mouthwash too. If you’ve got problems with your gums then we can help. Why not arrange a consultation by calling us direct on 0141 334 3408 or booking online at www.botanicsdentalcare.co.uk.

Speaking Properly: Orthodontics to Promote Sound Speech Eloquence

Speech impediments, or orofacial myofunctional disorders (OMD) in professional circles, stem from a number of things. Vocal cord damage, muscle and respiratory weaknesses, and brain damage all could distort a person’s talking abilities. We reckon that at times, crooked teeth play a role in limiting proper speech among children and adults.

orthodonticsChildren have an easier time of it because they normally have lisps and are still young speakers. Furthermore, they have more time to sort their infant dental situation, such as turning their ‘sh’ to normal ‘s’ and their ‘th’ to ‘j’.

It can be quite damaging to adults, however, for a number of ways. It may harm new and existing social and professional relationships. You know how astute people are when it comes to physical flaws, and a weakness in elocution is something they would pick up easily.

Crooked Speech

OMD is more than lisps. As embarrassing as that already is, it does gets worse for other people. Misalignment can cause whispering, problems in elocution and stuttering. The former would develop as people age and recognise their speech imperfections. These things are not much on paper but in social situations, it is devastating. It can even go as bad as hearing loss, facial injuries and other neurological disorders.

If your tongue did not move back as it should as you age, then you should consult with a GP as soon as possible. Do not settle with a talking dysfunction because it is not bad now, but tomorrow, it could plague your interpersonal relationships.

Straightening the Problem

We can help you, as dentists, in liberating you from this socially debilitating indisposition. Your teeth may be blocking your capacity to speak properly, and we will be more than accommodating to help you with this problem.

Contact us today for quality orthodontics. We would also like to inform you that we offer a full range of preventative, general and cosmetic dentistry.

Exploring The Benefits Of Dental Bridges

As people age it can be more of a challenge to maintain their teeth. Similar to hair, skin, and bones, teeth weaken with age and this can lead to tooth loss. However, it’s not just age that causes tooth loss. Eating the wrong foods or not brushing and flossing your teeth properly can also lead to tooth problems such as decay and possible loss of teeth. Your Glasgow dentist can restore a smile that has gaps by the use of a dental bridge. But what are the benefits of a dental bridge?

What is a dental bridge?

dental bridgesBefore we discuss the benefits of a dental bridge, let’s take a quick look first at what a dental bridge. Actually is. As its name suggests, it bridges the gap that has been created by one or more missing teeth. A bridge consists of two or more crowns which are fitted to the teeth at either end of the gap with a false tooth or teeth in between. These false teeth go by the name of pontics and can be made from a variety or combination of materials including porcelain, gold, and alloys. Before the crowns to hold the bridge can be fitted, the teeth on either side of the gap have to be ground down and shaped in order that the crown will fit properly. To preserve the integrity of healthy teeth on either end of the gap, your dentist in Glasgow may suggest using dental implants to secure the bridge. Two implants will take the place of the end teeth missing in the gap and a fixed bridgework containing a prosthetic tooth or teeth will be attached to the implants to span the remainder of the gap.

What are the benefits of a dental bridge?

  • A dental bridge gives you back your confidence by restoring your smile
  • It retains the shape of your face by filling it out with replacement teeth
  • You can bite and chew more easily with a dental bridge
  • Your bite is improved since replacement teeth evenly distribute the forces of the bite
  • Prevents remaining teeth from drifting out of their position and towards the gap

If you’re missing teeth then it’s important to get them replaced before any further dental complications arise. Why not get in touch with Botanics Dental Care today. Dr. Colin Gardner will examine your mouth and discuss your options. There are various types of dental bridge available and he can recommend what is best for your specific situation. Call today on 0141 334 3408 or book an appointment online by visiting www.botanicsdentalcare.co.uk. We’ll soon have you smiling again.